You are not logged in. To view the rest of and explore the A-Z Glossary, please login first. For more information click here.

We all live under the same sky, but we don't all have the same horizon. ~ Konrad Adenauer

Physiological Needs

Physiological needs are the physical requirements for human survival. When these requirements are not met, the human body cannot function properly and will ultimately fail.

Air, water and food are metabolic requirements for survival in all animals, including humans. Clothing and shelter provide necessary protection from the elements. While maintaining an adequate birth rate shapes the intensity of the human sexual instinct. Physiological needs deal with the maintenance of the human body. This lowest category includes the most basic needs that are vital to survival.

There is a general consensus and collective believe that these needs are the most instinctive needs, because all needs become secondary until these needs are met.

Really? …for example… what about the numerous examples and cases of successful hunger strikes, torture, Auschwitz, rebellions…?

It seems that the unconditional acceptance of physiological needs as “instinctive needs”, is still wide-open for much discussions and debate!


Log In